Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with several connected sorts of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving versions of style and material.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th generations, as well as British impact on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is employed by different persons in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Gentlemen, and many by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It absolutely was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans being an posting of dishabille and of night time apparel, and is particularly synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is probable that we English took the habit like a good many Other people in the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term has become Utilized in London retailers. A pal furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty decades back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had feet sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it truly is due to the White Ants."
Common pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mixture manufactured from gentle fabric, which include flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket element ordinarily Click here provides a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of individuals choose to sleep or lounge in only the pajama pants, either with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for men and boys in many cases are offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas will often be identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally called night fits.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (often known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a bathroom. Fall seats have been very common on More pajamas designed before the fifties, but within the early 20-very first century They are really relatively rare.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are numerous variants in fashion for instance brief sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of various duration, or, once in a while, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating several supplies. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Commonly worn by children, these garments generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and may additionally be footed.
Whilst pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for instance nightgowns, in the US, they've from time to time bundled the latter as being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a kind of brief gown prime around shorts or short pants.
Pajamas may possibly currently refer to Ladies's mixture daywear, particularly in the US wherever they turned preferred in the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.